American Baptist minister who became the most visible spokesman and leader in the American civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. MLK advanced civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, inspired by his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.
German-born theoretical physicist, best known for developing the theory of relativity. In 1921, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics. His intellectual achievements and originality resulted in "Einstein" becoming synonymous with "genius".
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid activist who served as the first president of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election.